Solution for the problem of Gen 1 & 2 Leaf (ZE0 and AZE0) built pre 2015 is a hot topic over the past few years. Some have been replaced with used batteries at differing costs up to 800,000 LKR as of 2020 for 24 kWh standard spec. These prices escalated beyond a million from 2021 onwards due to varying reasons. (Edit)
But the sad situation is we are surrounded by con artists offering various solutions including modules, cell replacements, repairs, etc. Added to the woes, there is an undue panic fueled by the ones who fish in the troubled waters. There are two types of people, buying and selling guys who want spread fear psychosis and the ones who want to make an undue profit off illegal imports.
There is a solution within ourselves and our context, this is to explore.
There are many discussions initiated on EV Club, Leaf owners groups, and other forums too on battery degradation and the ailing resale values. But we are neglecting the fact that there is a massive opportunity that we miss badly.
We are not needing HV batteries as it’s hyped, the current (late 2019) need is limited to around 100 cars dropped below the range of 50 out of a total number of 4,500 Leafs. And they are the people who speak aloud for obvious reasons.
Over 500 more owners joined the bandwagon of the battery hunt due to undue panic. Like the ones having 6 bars and a range up to 100 km, which is triple the average daily Sri Lankan usage.
We propose differently, for 2012/13 (and 14 lately) cars affected by battery degradation and for the ones who panicked with the range needed for daily errands.
Let’s look at some facts and figures, which many miss.
Dropping resale value is obvious as even a new EVB attracts a cost atop 1/3 of the overall car value. And we bought a 2013 JDM G grade of 4.2M JPY (LKR 5.2M) after a one-year’s depreciation circa LKR 2.8M. That is a 45% depreciation.
Now the battery costs, brand new 24 kWh pack is 650,000 JPY which is 1.1M LKR sans freight and duty. Also, it is to be noted this price is a subsidized cost even now, although there are strong speculations on future price drops.
Now don’t be up in arms asking us to get you that battery. For this very reason, the battery is subsidized only the authorized imports get qualified to. The local agent AMW is at fault here for not importing Leaf then.
The country gets at least a couple of used batteries a month, amidst all legal and logistical barriers. These were priced at LKR 500,000 a few years ago but now it goes in the range of LKR 1,200,000.
This is the focus of this post. We bought AZE0 Leaf for less than 3M and now with a range of say 50 KM few are at less than half of original values. Yet none are reported off the road, due to a failed battery. Some are barely managing with 20 Kms range with one bar.
There is a massive error anyways in the way we calculate our resale values as we simply get the difference between buying and selling. God knows where we factor the costs on Capital, Fuel, Maintenance, Statuary which should be part of the cost per km and resale values. I have done the math for over 5 years and posted it on different posts.
The country has almost a million cars, at least half of that is over 1.5M LKR in value, that is a big number of 500,000. Last year (2018) country has added 80,000 new cars and another 138,000 used cars changed hands with the country. (Source: Department of Motor Traffic). Now, within this 138,000 at more than half to be over 1.5M LKR in value (based on above equation and Ikman.lk tops with Toyota) so the prospective market for the ZEO, AZEO Leaf.
The average daily driving distance in the USA, UK, and Australia lies within 30 Km a day! We assume ours will be the same or lesser being a small country, sorry our govt has no need of this vital data for Sri Lanka.
Now, let’s assume within the above 138,000 used cars get transferred in a year at least half of the owners are below average daily usage of 30 Kms. And half of that is above LKR 1.5 M in value.
This derives a market size of 34,500 recorded used car sales a year. The leaf is well within this segment in both price and size, with an edge of being Japanese and the least cost per kilometer!
LEAF should grasp this massive market, instead of for batteries for less!
Simply said, switch to an EV with a suitable range. You may sell yours from LKR 2M upwards (updated Mid 2020) and add the battery cost of LKR 1M to fund a Leaf with a 100+ KM range with above 8 bars. We have discussed the financials in a different post.
Of course, replacing an imported used battery with up to 11 Bars at a slightly higher cost is always a better option, if it’s within your affordability.
Why not switch?
True the range drops over time, and if the range is not adequate for daily/weekly needs why not we sell the car, put some money down and buy a LEAF with a higher range instead?
And don’t forget hiring a car or Van is a cheaper option once you do the math with ownership cost per km / per head.
We know it’s hard or virtually impossible to switch from EV to ICE, but not to worry, we have enough options, whilst it’s getting better and wider with both range and availability.
The Three Key Things
One: This is not to say that there is no solution for replacement batteries but for now. Some talks of developing the batteries locally, but the technical and market barriers will not make such efforts sustainable. So far the best solution is to replace with use batteries from Japan or any other colder country.
Two: Don’t forget to follow the best practices in usage and charging until then, the very reason for some to exceed 100,000 km with 100k per charge still remains and a one exceeded 200,000 km, and keep running with enough range remains!
Three: Don’t think Leaf will suit each and every family and the needs. There are greater limitations especially with the range and recharging in the middle. Choose your ride wisely, Leaf’s are much greater cars but owning an EV needs analysis and planning your trips. If you cannot or aren’t, don’t buy Leaf.
Okay, all these are options for the concerned. But what if one really needs a replacement battery, say in a case of the usage is limited to 20 Kms?
For now, the best solution will be to replace it with a used battery. There are statuary and legal barrier for now. In fact, it seems barriers have created a black market, as a repercussion of the import restrictions.
Here we have a Q&A session (in Sinhala), answering most of your common questions.
Here is our proposal to promote and facilitate EVB imports with no/minimum impact on society and the environment. In fact, benefitting the country’s economics!